Thai Accounting Standards
Updated 16 March 2021: Thai Accounting Standards and Financial Reporting Standards are announced by Thailand Federation of Accounting Professions and correspond with the International Accounting Standards (IAS) and the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS).
Thai Financial Reporting Standards adapted by accounting practitioners in preparation of the annual financial report are composed of 3 parts as follows:
Note that non-publicly accountable entities can choose to adopt the Thai Financial Reporting Standard for Non-Publicly Accountable Entities – NPAEs.
A non-publicly accountable entity is an entity that is not one of the following:
(a) Its debt or equity instruments are traded in a public market or it is in the process of issuing such instruments for trading in a public market (a domestic or foreign stock exchange or an over-the-counter market, including local and regional markets),
(b) An entity that holds assets in a fiduciary capacity for a broad group of outsiders as one of its primary businesses, such as financial institutions, insurance companies, securities brokers/dealers, mutual funds and Agricultural Futures Exchange of Thailand,
(c) Public companies,
(d) Other entities that may be specified in the future.
Some entities may also hold assets in a fiduciary capacity for a broad group of outsiders because they hold and manage financial resources entrusted to them by clients, customers or members not involved in the management of the entity. However, if they do so for reasons incidental to a primary business (as, for example, may be the case for travel or real estate agents, schools, charitable organizations, co-operative enterprises requiring a nominal membership deposit, and sellers that receive payment in advance of delivery of the goods or services such as utility companies), that does not make them publicly accountable.
A subsidiary whose parent uses full TFRSs, or that is part of a consolidated group that uses full TFRSs, is not prohibited from using the Thai Financial Reporting Standard for Non-Publicly Accountable Entities – NPAEs in its own financial statements if that subsidiary by itself does not have public accountability. If its financial statements are described as conforming to the TFRS for NPAEs, it must comply with all of the provisions of this TFRS.
If any non-publicly accountable entities choose not to adopt the Thai Financial Reporting Standard for Non-Publicly Accountable Entities – NPAEs, they have to comply with each and every TAS and TFRS.