In Thailand, all juristic companies, partnerships, branches of foreign companies and joint ventures are required to prepare financial statements for each accounting period. The financial statements must be audited by and subjected to the opinion of a certified Thai auditor with the exception of the financial statement of a registered partnership established under Thai law, whose total capital, assets and income are not more than that prescribed in Ministerial Regulations. The performance record is to be certified by the company’s auditor, approved by shareholders and filed with the Commercial Registration Department of the Ministry of Commerce and with the Revenue Department of the Ministry of Finance.
Preparation and filing of reporting requirements vary based upon the type of business entity selected such as follows:
For a private limited company
The company director is responsible for arranging the annual meeting of shareholders to approve the company’s audited financial statements within 4 months at the end of the fiscal year and filing the audited statement and supporting documents including a list of shareholders on the date of the meeting to the Registrar no later than 1 month after the date of the shareholder meeting.
For a public limited company
The company director is responsible for arranging the annual meeting of shareholders to approve the audited financial statements of a company within 4 months at the end of the fiscal year. A copy of the audited financial statement and annual report, together with a copy of the minutes of the shareholder meeting approving the financial statement, should be certified by the director and submitted to the Registrar along with a list of shareholders on the date of the meeting no later than 1 month after approval at the shareholder’s meeting. The company is also required to publish the balance sheet for public information in a newspaper for a period of at least 1 day within 1 month of the date it was approved at the shareholder’s meeting.
For a foreign company such as branch office, representative office or regional office and excluding joint ventures
The Manager of the branch office must submit a copy of the financial statement to the Registrar no later than 150 days after the end of the fiscal year. In this kind of set up, approval of the shareholder meeting is not required.
To ensure that your reporting requirements are prepared properly and submitted within the specified deadline, it is essential to have a good and diligent accountant. Contact English speaking accountants of MSNA for your accounting, tax and audit needs.